An apprenticeship contract must be signed at the beginning of the apprenticeship. It is used to validate individual employment agreements between the apprentice and the employer. This approved English language apprenticeship agreement has been completely revised to reflect legislation that came into force in May 2015. The legislation was intended to simplify the legal framework for apprenticeships in England. Legislation introduced „authorized English learning“ which replaced apprenticeships in England (but not Wales) under apprenticeships, in accordance with the Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Apprenticeship Act 2009. This licensed apprenticeship model is considered a service contract, which means that an apprentice employed under such a contract is only entitled to the legal protection afforded to ordinary workers. This document is a model provided by the ESFA to help employers. This agreement must be signed by the apprentice and the employer at the beginning of the apprenticeship. Recognised English learning includes optional clauses that can be used for apprentices under the age of 18.